Guindy National Park in Chennai is situated within the city premises, on the ground extension of Raj Bhavan. Guindy National Park is ranked as the 8th smallest National Park of India. Spread over 2.82 sq km of tropical dry evergreen forest along the Coromandel Coast, Guindy National Park was declared a forest reserve in 1810 and as National Park in 1978.
Guindy National Park is the natural habitat of a wide range of plants and animals, which is typical of north-eastern Tamil Nadu. The tropical dry evergreen scrub and thorn forests of Guindy National Park have earned it the name 'the green lungs of Chennai'.
Guindy National Park is home to more than 350 plant species, 150 species of birds, 14 species of mammals and many species of amphibians and reptiles. It is also estimated that Guindy National Park is home to more than 60 species of spiders and butterflies.
About one-sixth of the park has been preserved as grasslands for blackbuck and spotted deer. Some other species of mammals commonly spotted at Guindy National Park are jackal, small Indian civet, common palm civet, bonnet macaque, hyena, jackal, pangolin, hedgehog, common mongoose, three-striped palm squirrel, etc.
Grey partridge, quail, paradise fly-catcher, black-winged kite, honey buzzard, stone curlew, blue-faced malkoha, etc. are some of the birds spotted here. Migratory birds like garganeys, pochards, medium egrets, large egrets, night herons, pond herons, open-billed storks, etc. visit Guindy National Park every fall.
Rare and endangered species of tortoises, turtles, lizards and chameleons are also found at Guindy National Park.